First-Time Gardening: 10 Easy Steps

Consider What to Plant


If you want flowers for their beauty, color, and perfume, choose annuals that bloom all summer but need to be replanted each spring or perennials that bloom for a shorter time but return year after year.

Pick the Best Garden Spot


Vegetables and many floral plants need 6-8 hours of full light daily. To determine which areas receive full sun, you must examine your yard throughout the day.

Clear the Ground


Remove weeds and sod before planting. Cut it out if you want veggies this summer in April. Spade the sod. Cut the sod into chunks for easier removal.

Test and Improve Your Soil


Newly developed residential soil requires a boost. Your soil may lack nutrients, drainage, and compaction.

Prepare Your Planting Beds


Work the dirt while it's moist enough to form a ball in your fist but dry enough to shatter. Wet or dry soil makes digging difficult and can damage soil structure.

Pick Your Plants


Some spend months looking over catalogs, while others buy what impresses at the garden center. Both methods require climate-appropriate plants.

Start Planting


Transferring young plants simplifies gardening. Dig holes in your prepared bed. Disentangle any balled roots before planting.

Water at the Right Time


Water seedlings daily. Water transplants every other day until their roots grow. After that, you should water once a week, depending on soil, humidity, and rainfall.

Protect Your Garden With Mulch


Cover the soil with two inches of mulch to prevent weeds and retain moisture. You'll save water and avoid weeds by blocking sunlight.

Maintain Your Garden Regularly


Maintaining garden duties helps your garden grow. Water plants before they wilt. Weed before it seeds. Remove damaged and dying plants.

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